5G – Quick Facts
How the Technology will work
5G will use low-, mid- and high-band frequencies. The high-band consists largely of milllimetre waves (MMWs).
MMW’s are different to the low-band frequencies currently in use by mobile phone and wireless industries, and they interact with the body in different ways.
MMW’s travel in line-of-sight – meaning they can’t easily travel through buildings or other obstacles, and they can be absorbed by trees and rain. They will need to be transmitted by new technology called ‘small cells’.
These small cells are portable base stations that act like a relay team, receiving signals from other base stations and sending data to users at any location.
They require minimal power to operate, but need to be placed every 250 metres or so in urban areas – that's every 10-20 houses on an average street.
In order to establish efficient networks carriers may need to install thousands of these stations in a city.
They are also not necessarily small. Each installation can have over a thousand antennas that are transmitting simultaneously.
5G will not replace 4G and 3G, but add to them. The addition of these extra antennas will increase exponentially the exposure to radiation already caused by existing mobile/wireless networks.
The number of small cells required to build a 5G network means that it may be difficult to establish in rural areas.
The effects on health of MMW’s
One of the main problems with 5G is that it relies primarily on the bandwidth of the millimetre wave (MMW), which is primarily between 30 gigahertz (GHz) and 300GHz.
Through research these MMWs are known to penetrate 1 to 2 millimetres of human skin, and in the surface layers of the cornea. These become the primary targets of the radiation.
Thermal effects occur in a dose-dependent manner. They begin with heat sensations, followed by pain and physical damage at higher exposures.
Temperature elevation can impact the growth, morphology and metabolism of cells, induce production of free radicals, and damage DNA.
Also, since skin contains capillaries and nerve endings, the bio-effects of MMWs may be transmitted, through molecular mechanisms, by the skin or through the nervous system.
Peer-reviewed research demonstrates that short-term exposure to low-intensity millimetre wave (MMW) radiation not only affects human cells, it may result in the growth of multi-drug resistant bacteria harmful to humans.
Peer-reviewed research has also linked MMW to:
- Eye problems, such as lens opacity – which is linked to the production of cataracts and eye damage
- Impacted heart rate variability and arrhythmias
- Pain and burning sensations
- Suppressed immune function
This effects of this radiation may not be limited to humans, but also affect animals and plants.
Scientists Appeal for protection from 5G
In 2015, more than 230 scientists from 41 nations signed an international appeal to the United Nations, calling for protection from non-ionizing EMF exposure due to evidence of health effects even at low levels.
Two years later in 2017 more than 180 doctors and scientists from 35 countries signed a petition to enact a moratorium on the rollout of 5G, due to the potential risks to wildlife and human health, citing research showing an increased risk for:
- Cellular stress and increase in harmful free radicals
- Genetic damage
- Reproductive problems
- Neurological disorders
Read the 2017 Scientific Appeal on 5G to the European Commission
Read the 2015 EMF Scientist Appeal to the United Nations
Read Letters From Dozens of Scientists on Health Risks of 5G
The above article contains extracts from some of the following:
Electromagnetic Radiation Safety – Joel Moskowitz
What you need to know about 5G wireless and ‘small’ cells. Environmental Health Trust
The 5G war – Technology vs Humanity = Dr Joe Mercola
Everything you need to know about 5G:
5G: Great risk for International Health. Compelling evidence for eigh distinct types of great harm caused by EMF exposures and the mechanism that causes them. Martin L Pall PhD